Prostate cancer occurs in the small, walnut-shaped prostate gland that lies just below the male urinary bladder. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system and helps produce the seminal fluid that carries your sperm through the urethra during ejaculation.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in men. Some types of prostate cancer grow quite slowly and may not cause serious harm if the cancer remains confined to your prostate gland. However, some forms of prostate cancer are quite aggressive and may spread (metastasize) quickly to other areas of your body. Early detection of prostate cancer provides the best chance for a successful treatment outcome.
Like other cancers, prostate cancer is a result of abnormal cellular growth caused by DNA mutations within your cells. These mutations cause the affected cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal. They eventually form a tumor that may invade nearby healthy tissue or break off and spread to other parts of your body.
There are some factors that may increase your chance of developing prostate cancer. For instance, your risk of prostate cancer increases with age. Other factors that may increase your risk include:
You may not notice any symptoms if your cancer is in its initial stages. More advanced prostate cancer can cause:
Dr. Coutinho recommends treatment based on the nature of your cancer and other factors such as your age. Slow-growing prostate cancer diagnosed in your late 70s, for instance, may require no treatment at all.
If you’re diagnosed with prostate cancer at a relatively young age or have a more aggressive type, you may respond best to minimally-invasive surgery and radiation therapy to eradicate the cancerous cells.
When you require surgery, Dr. Coutinho prefers the da Vinci® robotic-assisted method due to its advanced technology that allows for greater precision and control during the procedure as well as speedier recovery time.
Dr. Karl Coutinho is considered an in-network provider with the following insurance plans. This is not a complete list, if you do not see your plan listed please contact our office to verify your benefits.